Attended Lawrence North High School in Indianapolis, Indiana as a freshman and sophomore and played for the Wildcats. As a senior at North Central High School in Indianapolis, Roby was an All-State selection, after rushing for 539 yards and six touchdowns and catching 12 passes for 296 yards and three touchdowns. He was also an All-State selection in track.
Roby attended Indiana University. He finished his career as the most productive receiver in Hoosier football history, breaking the all-time record for career receptions and yards with 170 catches and 2,524 yards. He was also the third receiver in Hoosier history to gain over 1,000 yards in a season and 23 punt returns.His 59 receptions during the 2002 season ranked second in school history. Roby also showed his versatility by returning 28 kickoffs for 567 yards. Played for coaches Cam Cameron and Gerry DiNardo.
He was released on September 1, 2007.
On January 14, 2008, Roby was signed by the Indianapolis Colts. He was released on September 11, 2008.
New Orleans Saints
The New Orleans Saints, signed Roby on October 16, 2008. He played in five games for the Saints before suffering an injury and being placed on the injured reserve list. A free agent after the 2008 season, Roby re-signed with the Saints on March 16, 2009. On November 15, 2009 he returned a kickoff 97 yards for a touchdown. He was the Saints’ primary kickoff returner during their post-season run to a victory in Super Bowl XLIV.
Roby returned as the Saints’ primary kickoff returner and gunner for the 2010 season. In a December 12 game against St. Louis, Roby suffered an apparently serious neck injury on a kickoff return; he was removed from the field on a cart and taken to the hospital. Roby was later cleared to return to the active play, but he did not, and was placed on the injured reserve list on December 29, 2010.
Courtney was born to John M. Roby, Jr., and Donita Langford. He has two brothers, Brandon Walker-Roby, a former WR at Indiana University (2005–2008) and Fort Wayne Firehawks, and John “Tre” Roby III, a student athlete at Cathedral High School, Class of 2012, in Indianapolis, IN and sister, Karrington.
Courtney comes from a family of athletes: cousin Landon Turner was a standout on the Indiana basketball team, uncle Rob Turner was a receiver at Indiana (1987–90), and another cousin is late former NFL punter Reggie Roby.
Courtney resides in Fishers, Indiana during the off-season